indigenous meaning and pronunciation

Where accounts do exist, they frequently originate from the viewpoint of the colonizing, expansionary or nascent state or from rather scarce and fragmented ethnographic sources compiled by those more congenial with indigenous communities and/or representatives thereof. These are usually collectives that have preserved some degree of cultural and political separation from the mainstream culture and political system that has grown to surround or dominate them economically, politically, culturally, or geographically. These terms were common during the heights of European colonial expansion, but still continue in modern times. autochthonal; autochthonic; autochthonous; endemic; indigenous, the Ainu are indigenous to the northernmost islands of Japan, native (characteristic of or existing by virtue of geographic origin), indigenousness (nativeness by virtue of originating or occurring naturally (as in a particular place)).

Not to be confused with: indigent – poor; impoverished; distressed: The indigent street people are often ignored. Many indigenous populations have undergone a dramatic decline and even extinction, and remain threatened in many parts of the world. para.381). In the mid 20th century, European attitudes began to shift to the view that indigenous and tribal peoples should have the right to decide for themselves what should happen to their ancient cultures and ancestral lands. Get the meaning of Indigenous in Hindi with Usage, Synonyms, Antonyms & Pronunciation. All nations in North and South America have populations of indigenous peoples within their borders. In Spanish or Portuguese speaking countries one finds the use of terms such as pueblos indígenas, amerindios, povos nativos, povos indígenas, and in Peru, Comunidades Nativas, particularly among Amazonian societies like the Urarina[14] and Matsés.

The Inuit have achieved a degree of administrative autonomy with the creation in 1999 of the territories of Nunavik (in Northern Quebec), Nunatsiavut (in Northern Labrador) and Nunavut, which was until 1999 a part of the Northwest Territories.
Their ability to influence and participate in the external policies that may exercise jurisdiction over their traditional lands and practices is very frequently limited. Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML. The migration, expansion and settlement of societies throughout different territories is a universal, almost defining thread which runs through the entire course of human history. [32] These issues include cultural and linguistic preservation, land rights, ownership and exploitation of natural resources, political determination and autonomy, environmental degradation and incursion, poverty, health, and discrimination. Indigenous peoples are increasingly faced with threats to their sovereignty, environment, and access to natural resources. The remains of at least 25 miniature humans, who lived between 1,000 and 3,000 years ago, were recently found on the islands of Palau in Micronesia.[31]. temporary rules over parts of Europe by non-European powers include. How to say indigenous. This is especially notable for indigenous peoples in Africa, Asia and eastern Europe", but snapshots from various countries, where such statistics are available, show that indigenous people are in worse health than the general population, in advanced and developing countries alike: higher incidence of diabetes in some regions of Australia;[44] higher prevalence of poor sanitation and lack of safe water among Twa households in Rwanda;[45] a greater prevalence of childbirths without prenatal care among ethnic minorities in Vietnam;[46] suicide rates among Inuit youth in Canada are eleven times higher than the national average;[47] infant mortality rates are higher for indigenous peoples everywhere.[48]. [citation needed] But when it came to expansion in other parts of the world, namely Asia, Africa, and the Middle East, then totally new cultural dynamics had entered into the equation, so to speak, and one sees here of what was to take the Americas, South East Asia, and the Pacific by storm a few hundred years later. Therefore, according to its meaning in common usage in English, any given people, ethnic group or community may be described as being indigenous in reference to some particular region or location. Many organizations advocating for indigenous rights, and the indigenous communities themselves, seek to particularly and explicitly identify peoples in this position as indigenous.

Pratt, Mary Louise (2007). Many Māori tribal leaders signed a treaty with the British, the Treaty of Waitangi, so that the modern geo-political entity that is New Zealand was established by partial consent. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors (see full disclaimer). [20][21][22] National Aboriginal Day recognises the cultures and contributions of Aboriginals to the history of Canada. Baviskar, Amita (2007). In Marisol de la Cadena & Orin Starn. Find out more, This article is about peoples who fall under the definition of "indigenous peoples" used in international law and by various international and non-governmental organizations. In Brazil, the term índio (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈĩdʒi.u] or ˈĩdʒju) is used by most of the population, the media, the indigenous peoples themselves and even the government (FUNAI is acronym for Fundação Nacional do Índio), although its Hispanic equivalent indio is widely not considered politically correct and falling into desuse. para. "in, within" + gignere (perfective genui) "to beget, produce," from PIE root *gene- "give birth, beget," with derivatives referring to procreation and familial and tribal groups.

Click here to add the dictionary. These various peoples (collectively referred to as Adivasis, or tribal peoples) number about 68 million (1991 census figures, approximately 8% of the total national population). Hanihara, T (1992). Aboriginal peoples in Canada comprise the First Nations,[15] Inuit[16] and Métis. indigenous adj 1: originating where it is found; "the autochthonal fauna of Australia includes the kangaroo"; "autochthonous rocks and people and folktales"; "endemic folkways"; "the Ainu are indigenous to the northernmost islands of Japan" [syn: autochthonal, autochthonic, autochthonous, endemic, indigenous] (Aboriginal Rangers Find Evidence of One of Australia’s Rarest Birds, VOA). ‘Similarly, the terms native or indigenous are often euphemisms for what used to be termed primitive.’ ‘Discrimination against indigenous pygmies and ethnic minorities is a problem.’ ‘Many Western readers deny that there are any such tales of indigenous African provenance.’ Assimilative colonial policies resulted in ongoing issues related to aboriginal child protection.

As Japanese settlement expanded, the Ainu were pushed northward, until by the Meiji period they were confined by the government to a small area in Hokkaidō, in a manner similar to the placing of Native Americans on reservations. How to pronounce, definition … (2007). indigenous (adj.) are self-identified as indigenous, or those recognized as such by other groups. Given the extensive and complicated history of human migration within Africa, being the "first peoples in a land" is not a necessary precondition for acceptance as an indigenous people. Notable exceptions are the Sakha and Komi peoples (two of the northern indigenous peoples of Russia), who now control their own autonomous republics within the Russian state, and the Canadian Inuit, who form a majority of the territory of Nunavut (created in 1999).

Meaning of indigenous. The SensagentBox are offered by sensAgent. This has resulted in the legal recognition of the Maori language and culture and has resulted in the return of some land, resources and money so that today Māori businesses have an estimated value of over NZD$14 billion.
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Different states designate the groups within their boundaries that are recognized as indigenous peoples according to international legislation by different terms. A definition of "indigenous people" has criteria which includes cultural groups (and their continuity or association with a given region, or parts of a region, and who formerly or currently inhabit the region) either: Another defining characteristic for an indigenous group is that it has preserved traditional ways of living, such as present or historical reliance upon subsistence-based production (based on pastoral, horticultural and/or hunting and gathering techniques), and a predominantly non-urbanized society. These include, for example "Native Americans" and "Pacific Islander" in the United States; "Aboriginals (Inuit", "Métis" and "First Nations)" in Canada;[10] Aborigines in Australia; Hill tribes in Southeast Asia; indigenous ethnic minorities, scheduled tribes or Adivasi in India; tribal groups, or autochthonous groups.[8]. They say that ivory from western linage walruses must have been supplied by the Norse Greenlanders – by hunting and perhaps also by trade with the indigenous peoples of Arctic North America.

[23] Indigenous peoples are found in the entire territory of Brazil, although the majority of them live in Indian reservations in the North and Center-Western part of the country. Ohenjo, Nyang'ori; Willis, Ruth; Jackson, Dorothy; Nettleton, Clive; Good, Kenneth; Mugarura, Benon (2006). The extent to which individual states are mobilizing to put these recommendations into practice varies enormously, however, and most Indigenous groups continue to agitate for improvements in the areas of land rights, use of natural resources, protection of environment and culture, political recognition and freedom from discrimination.

"Afterword: Indigeneity Today". The preservation and investigation of specialized Indigenous knowledge, particularly in relation to the resources of the natural environment with which the society is associated, is a goal of both the Indigenous and the societies who thereby seek to identify new resources and benefits (example: partnerships established to research biological extracts from vegetation in the Amazon rainforests). Get unrestricted access to all the English-Learning Units! European colonial expansion in the Pacific brought many of these under non-indigenous administration. (Chromobacterium violaceum, NCI Thesaurus). They may be purposefully imposed, or arise as unintended consequence of trans-cultural interaction; and have a measurable effect even where countered by other external influences and actions deemed to be beneficial or which serve to promote indigenous rights and interests within the wider community. Not all indigenous groups share these characteristics. This situation can persist even in the case where the indigenous population outnumbers that of the other inhabitants of the region or state; the defining notion here is one of separation from decision and regulatory processes that have some, at least titular, influence over aspects of their community and lands.

[26], The languages of Taiwanese aborigines have significance in historical linguistics, since in all likelihood Taiwan was the place of origin of the entire Austronesian language family, which spread across Oceania.[27][28][29].